[N] 2005 Allosaur baby faces
Rauhut, O. W. M., & R. Fechner. 2005. Early development of the facial region in a non-avian theropod dinosaur. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B Biological Sciences 272(1568): 1179-1183.
\\\\\\\"An isolated maxilla of the theropod dinosaur Allosaurus from the Late Jurassic (the Kimmeridgian, 153 million years ago) of Portugal is the first cranial remain of a non-coelurosaurian theropod hatchling reported so far, and sheds new light on the early cranial development of non-avian theropods. Allosaurus hatchlings seem to have been one-seventh or less of the adult length and are thus comparable in relative size to hatchlings of large extant crocodile species, but are unlike the relatively larger hatchlings in coelurosaurs. The snout experienced considerable positive allometry and an increase in tooth count during early development. The element is especially noteworthy for the abundant and well-developed features associated with the paranasal pneumatic system. Pneumatic structures present include all those found in adult allosaurids and most are even more developed than in adult skulls. Together with evidence on the ontogeny of the tympanic pneumatic system in allosaurids, these findings demonstrate that cranial pneumaticity developed early in theropod ontogeny. The strong development of pneumatic features in early ontogenetic stages of non-avian theropods supports the hypothesis that pneumatization of cranial bones was opportunistic and indicates that heterochrony played an important role in the evolution of craniofacial pneumaticity in this group.\\\\\\\"