[D] Pakisaurus balochistani [sG] [T]
Saurischia Sauropodomorpha Sauropoda Titanosauria [Pakisauridae]
Pab Formation, Pakistan
Formally described and published with holotypes, figures, referred specimens, description, etc. in: Malkani, M. S. (2006) Biodiversity of saurischian dinosaurs from the Latest Cretaceous Park of Pakistan. Journal of Applied and Emerging Sciences, 1(3), 108-140.
Pakisaurus balochistani based on long, tall, lateral upper half (just below the transverse process) flat sided of anterior caudal centra which are without ventral groove and chevron ridges; long, tall, flat sided mid-caudal centra having a ventral groove bounded by chevron facets; long, tall, flat sided posterior caudal centra which are without ventral groove and chevron ridges; the ratio of dorsal view width to mid-ventral width of anterior caudal centra (except some anteriormost caudal centra), and mid caudal centra is about 1; lateral surfaces on ventral view are partially visible in the anterior caudals and not visible in the mid and posterior caudals.
Pakisauridae represents the long, flat sided to slightly concave; and tall/squarish/transversely greater width than ventrodorsal width of anterior caudal centra (except some anteriormost caudals) and mid-caudal centra; the ratio of width measured on dorsal view (just behind the neural arches) to mid-ventral width of anterior caudal centra (except some anteriormost caudal centra), and mid caudal centra is about 1; slender femora; narrow elongated anteroposteriorly proximal tibiae; elongated lateral (anteroposterior) width (5th night lunar shape) of distal tibiae; and mid-mediolateral width is less than mid-anteroposterior width of distal tibiae. Caudal centra represent three genus and species Pakisaurus balochistani, Sulaimanisaurus gingerichi, and Khetranisaurus barkhani of Pakisauridae.