[D] Titanosaurus indicus [jG]
Cretaceous Late, Campanian Maastrichtian
Saurischia Sauropodomorpha Sauropoda Titanosauria
Lameta Formation, Madhya, Pradesh, Maharashtra, Aviyalur Group; Tamil Nadu, India; Gres de Maevarano, Majunga, Madagascar; Gres a Reptiles, Var, France; Unnamed unit Lleida, Spain
[Isisaurus colberti (Wilson & Upchurch 2003) > Titanosaurus colberti (Jain& Bandyopadhyay, 1997) > Titanosaurus indicus (Lydekker, 1877)]
Titanosaurus indicus (Lydekker, 1877) >> Antarctosaurus septentrionalis (Huene & Matley, 1933) >> Jainosaurus septentrionalis (Hunt, Lockley, Lucas & Meyer, 1995) Titanosaurus blanfordi (Lydekker, 1879) > Titanosaurus madagascariensis (Deperet, 1896).
Isolated postcranial material
Titanosaurus indicus was founded on caudal vertebrae and a slender femur. Later (Lydekker, 1893, Huene, 1929) the robust limbed Titanosaurus australis and Titanosaurus robustus from Argentina were referred to the genus. Titanosaurus is known only from caudal vertebrae and most of the limb bones of a medium-sized sauropod.
Titanosaurus colberti described in the genus Titanosaurus Lydekker, 1877, is based on partial skeleton from the Lameta Formation; species Antarctosaurus septentrionalis, recently renamed Jainosaurus septentrionalis, made a junior synonym of Titanosaurus indicus because it seems to be based on material of a large individual of the latter species; most material previously referred to placed into Titanosaurus blanfordi placed into Titanosaurus madagascariensis; almost all other titanosaurid species are re-analyzed in showing distinctiveness of Titanosaurus colberti.