Pterosauria - Rhamphorhynchoidae - Rhamphorhynchiodea - Scaphognathidae
Distribution: Laurasia (Germany en Russia)
Timeperiod: Kimmeridgian-Titonian, Late Jurassic
Size: Skulll 8-11,5 cm in length. Spanwide 60-90 cm
Diet: Fisch, amphibians, large invertebrates
The Scaphognatide showed some primitive characteristics. De wings were short and the tail reduced, there is possible a relationship with the Pterodactylidae as a branch, not as ancestor.
Distribution: Solnhofen limestones, Southern Germany
Timeperiod: Late Jurassic
Size: Skull length = 11.5 cm. Wingspan = 90 cm.
Info:(Scaphognathus crassirostris = tub jaw, thick beaked) The teeth are set upright in the jaws and they continue around the tip. The wings and tail both appear to be rather short. The sternum has a spade shape.
Describer: Sharov, 1971
Info: The body of this pterosaur was covered with thick hair about a half cm in length, the wing and tail were not covered with hair. This hair indicates a possible endothermic lifestyle. The aninmal wasn\'t much bigger than a dove, the teeth were small and weak. The wingflaps are attached to the hindlegs a second flap was located between the legs, the tail was separated from this second flap.